PAGELATCH_KP

An operation is waiting for a keep latch on an in-memory page. It’s used to help manage the reference count of objects in the buffer, and to retain a data page while SQL Server considers whether to acquire a different latch for it. It can’t be held concurrently with existing destroy latches.

PAGELATCH_* latches are lightweight, non-configurable internal locks used by SQL Server’s storage engine to protect concurrent access to in-memory pages. For example, when the storage engine wants to access a data page in the buffer pool to send to the relational engine, it must first request a latch on that page. The latch is released once the operation has finished, and the duration is usually dependent on available memory.

If your system is experiencing latch waits, it may suggest there’s high contention for in-memory pages of tables or indexes. Latch contention is typically associated with tempdb pages, particularly Global Allocation Map (GAM), Shared Global Allocation Map (SGAM) and Page Free Space (PFS) pages. See Under the covers: GAM, SGAM, and PFS pages (MSDN).

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